The procedures described on this page are primarily performed on women. For information about semen analysis and other fertility testing procedures for men, please visit our Male Infertility page.
There are several hormones that are vital to the normal functioning of the reproductive system. There are also many conditions that can disturb the natural balance of these hormones. Through the use of blood tests, we can measure the amounts of estrogen, androgens, progesterone, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and other hormones in the system at different points during the menstrual cycle. This can provide an abundance of important information that will help us to either recommend treatment or order more specific fertility testing procedures.
While many of the most common fertility problems are due to hormonal factors, physical problems also cause a significant number of cases. There are several fertility testing procedures that can be used to detect blockages, malformations, and other conditions that interfere with conception.
UltrasoundAn ultrasound is an effective fertility testing device and by far the least invasive method of assessing internal structures of the body. By using sound waves to create a picture, an ultrasound can confirm the size, shape, and position of the reproductive organs as well as indicate such problems as uterine fibroids, adhesions, or cysts.
By injecting X-ray contrast liquid into the uterine cavity and monitoring its progress through the reproductive system, we are able to detect blockages in the fallopian tubes as well as a uterine septum or other abnormalities. This fertility testing technique is also sometimes used in combination with a treatment procedure known as tubal cannulization.
Post-Coital TestA post-coital test involves an assessment of the cervical mucus within a few hours of intercourse and within 48 hours of ovulation. This fertility testing procedure must be carefully timed in order to obtain accurate results. A sample of cervical mucus is collected and examined for consistency and the presence of motile sperm.
A sample of the uterine lining (endometrium) is obtained using a small catheter-like device inserted into the uterus through the cervical canal. The tissue sample obtained is sent for analysis to rule out infection or inflammation in the uterine lining and may help to determine if the lining is prepared for implantation.
Although we generally use the least invasive fertility testing procedures possible, some conditions can be definitively diagnosed or ruled out only through direct visual assessment. Laparoscopy involves one or more very small incisions and is used to examine the exterior of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Hysteroscopy focuses on the interior of the uterus and does not require any incisions at all.
Diagnostic Minimally Invasive Surgery
Contact Our Orlando, Florida area Centers for Fertility Testing
For additional fertility testing information, contact our Florida offices in Winter Park or Celebration.