In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) at the Center for Reproductive Medicine
Candidates for IVF
Suitable candidates for in vitro fertilization typically include couples with such factors as ovulation disorders, endometriosis, and low sperm count or motility. One of our infertility specialists can help you to determine whether IVF is right for your needs. Contact the Center for Reproductive Medicine today to schedule an informative consultation.
The IVF Procedure
During the IVF procedure, the union of the egg and sperm, as well as the early growth of the embryo, occurs in our fully accredited embryology laboratory. For a successful pregnancy, all of the following steps must be successfully completed:
Egg Maturation and Retrieval
Fertility medications are administered that stimulate the maturation of multiple follicles(egg-containing ovarian cysts). During this time, the development of the follicles is carefully monitored using blood and ultrasound tests. When a sufficient number of follicles have matured, the eggs may be recovered using transvaginal ultrasound directed aspiration. This step of the IVF process is usually performed under intravenous (IV) conscious sedation and involves the use of a special needle to remove the eggs. The procedure generally takes 15-30 minutes and patients usually go home within two hours.
Fertilization and Embryo Development
After the eggs have been collected, they are fertilized in our laboratory with sperm obtained from the woman's partner the day of the egg retrieval. The fertilized eggs are then incubated for two to six days. For couples who have male-factor related infertility, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be recommended. During ICSI, a single sperm is injected into each egg by one of our specially-trained embryologists. This incubation process may involve preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), a diagnostic technique designed to improve the likelihood of successful pregnancy through in vitro fertilization.
Three to five days after fertilization, the couple, in consultation with the physician, selects the number of embryos for transfer. The embryos are then introduced into the uterus via a small catheter. Because the embryo transfer procedure is similar to an insemination procedure, little discomfort is involved, and no anesthesia is required. Remaining embryos that are of sufficient quality may be cryopreserved (frozen) for use in a future IVF cycle.
Approximately two weeks after the embryo transfer, a blood pregnancy test is performed. If the test results are positive, a repeat blood pregnancy test is performed 48 hours later. Contact Our Orlando, Florida in vitro fertilization (IVF) Experts.
Contact Us for In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) in Orlando, Florida
Please contact the Center for Reproductive Medicine, serving the Orlando, Florida area, to request further information about in vitro fertilization (IVF) or to schedule an appointment with one of our infertility specialists.